A Tuareg Berber-speaking oasis town and the capital of the Wadi Al-Hayaa District, in the Fezzan region of southwestern Libya. It is in the Idehan Ubari, a Libyan section of the Sahara Desert. It was the capital of the former baladiyah (district) called Awbari, in the southwest of the country.
The Ubari oasis settlement is the second center for the Kel Ajjer Tuareg people, after Ghat. Ubari is located in one of the sunniest and driest areas in the world. It has a hot desert climate with short, very warm winters but long, extremely hot summers.
The beauty of its nature made it a destination for tourists, as it is characterized by desert tourism as it includes salt lakes, the most important of which is Lake Gaberoun.
It has a Civil Airport, which is newly built, but not international, and it plays a very important role in the fields of oil and private tourism.
Neighbouring villages include Germa, and Garran.
It is an oasis with a large lake in the Idehan Ubari desert region of the Libyan Sahara. It is very salty, swimming can be pleasant despite the salt water crustaceans. Mosquitoes are abundant, especially in the summer. October to May is considered the best time to visit as the climate is milder.
The oasis is accessible from the Sabha-Ubari road (150km west of Sabha and north in the sand dunes at the settlement of Qasr Larocu), by a 36 km 4WD ride through the dunes of the Ubari sand sea (also called Ramlat al Dauada).
A small tribe inhabited the oasis; the ruins of their settlement are scattered between the palms at the north-western shore of the lake. It is said that one of their sources of subsistence were the worm-like crustaceans they fished from the salty lake.
They were moved in the 1980s to a new location outside the sand dunes, in the Wadi Bashir, south of the erg, a settlement of concrete apartments built specifically for the resettlement of this tribe.
The old Bedouin settlement by the western shore of the lake has been abandoned, and now lies in ruins.