The Desert Town of Sukna

The Desert Town of Sukna

June 24, 2021 - 12:33
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Written By: LibyaMohammed

It is a Saharan desert oasis town in the Fezzan region of southwest Libya. It is located 16.5 km southwest of the district capital Hun, in the Jufra District, and it rises about 315 meters to the south.

The natural springs support native date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) groves. Due to its reliable supply of water, it has been an important hub on the trans-Saharan route since prehistory. 

It is considered one of the oldest places of population stability in the Jufra region, as its time stages included three successive civilizations, according to what some historical sources implicitly refer to and confirmed by the archaeological evidence remaining until now.

According to the 2006 census, its population was about 9,887 people. Among the places that can be visited in Sukna are the Katifa Park and the Wadi Washka dam. There are also important ruins in Sokhna, including the palace and the ancient mosque, whose construction dates back to the fifteenth century AD.

It is noteworthy that the valleys and mountains surrounding Sukna were among the most fertile natural pastures in the rainy years, which were visited by the owners of cattle and camels from the residents of Sukna and from the neighboring areas. 

Sukna is the main source of water in Jufra Governorate. It also covers the needs of the region and the surrounding areas from the gravel used in the construction process. Studies also indicate that there are huge quantities of raw materials used in the production of cement, on which it is possible to establish a factory.

History 

The aforementioned sources suggest that some ancient Libyan tribes settled in the city of Sukna during the first millennium BC, among them the Al-Basili tribe and the Nasamouni tribe, which had a prominent role in resisting the Greek and Roman invaders for several centuries, during the continuous alliance between them and the Makai tribe, which was settled in the regions of Tarhouna and Bani Walid and their continuous cooperation and communication with the Phoenicians in Carthage.

After Islam, during the eleventh century AD, waves of Arab migrations came to the Sukna region. These migrations have directly contributed to the Arabization of the region and its impact continues to the present time, as it established some villages and actively contributed to spreading the teachings of the Islamic religion.

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